– no topic

Select three of the following fifteen individuals, places, concepts, or institutions that have been discussed in this class. 
In your own words briefly identify the basic factual information for the term. 
Explain why the term is significant for our understanding of the pre-modern civilization that produced it. 
For each term write approximately 100 words, though quality is more important than quantity.

Abu Hureyra                                  Wu                                                SargonLiterature vs. Documents               Theravada Buddhism                  VarnasZiggurat                                          Papyrus                                       ConfuciusCedar Forest                                  Amun-Re                                      Stupa

Select any reading passage from the textual primary sources assigned for Module 1 through Module 5 this class (i.e. not an assignment from Guns, Germs and Steel or from Berger, except where Berger is the source for a textual primary source).
The passage should be one or two chapters/sections/paragraphs or about half a page to a page long.
Indicate which page or book/chapter/section of the readings you are commenting on.
Write a brief introduction of about 2 sentences or so that offers basic factual information about the text.
Explain what general characteristics of the civilization or civilizations represented in text the specific details in the passage reveal.
You should describe both the significance of specific details from the passage and content from other texts and information about pre-modern civilizations that relates to the passage.
Your passage commentary should be about 300-500 words long.
The following are possible passages for comment: 

 Epic of Gilgamesh: Prologue, Gilgamesh King in Uruk, The Coming of Enkidu, The Forest Journey [except the 11th paragraph through the 22nd paragraph] 
 Hammurabis Law Code: first three paragraphs, laws 6, 8, 15, 53, 108, 110, 127, 129, 137, 195-199, 202, 203, 205 (in Berger, pp. 33-35)
 Case Law in Ancient Babylonia Handout: contracts, laws, or rulings
 Teachings of Ptah-Hotep, 1, 3-4, 6-8, 11, 16, 18, 20, 24-25, 34, 47 
  Herodotus, Histories, proem, 2.5, 2.35-37, 2.58-2.60, 2.99-100, 2.164-168 
  Obelisks of Hatshepsut (trans. Singer, pp. 41-42, 42-46)
  Rig Veda 2.12, 6.75, 9.112, 10.90, 10.101
  Kautilya, Arthashastra I.7, I.19, II.10, III.1, III.13, IV.12
  Ashoka, Rock Edicts 12, 13
  Selections from Confucius, Analects (pdf on Canvas, or quotations in Berger)
  Sima Qian, The First Emperor, assigned passages