– Philosophy hw

Locke, “Qualities and Ideas” (Essay . . .) pp. 86-90
1. Explain in your own words what Locke means by a “quality” of matter.
2. Give three examples of Locke’s Primary Qualities, and three examples of Secondary Qualities. How does Locke explain the key differences between Primary and Secondary Qualities?
3. Present an example from Locke’s writing that describes a material object in terms of its fundamental primary qualities versus its secondary qualities, and how Locke’s distinction makes sense of the reality of that object.
Berkeley, “Nothing Outside the Mind” (Principles . . .) pp. 97-102
4. Explain Berkeley’s criteria for “existence” what does he think we mean when we say something is “real” or that it “exists”?
5. Based on his definition of existence, why does Berkeley think we should not believe in the existence of independent Primary Qualities? What does this mean about the existence of matter?
6. As a result of his critique of materialism, explain what Berkeley has to say about the ultimate source of all the sensory experiences we receive.