Based on the assigned readings for this week, write a short paper (300-600 words) that answers the following questions.
1. What is the difference between correlation and causation in an argument? (see chapter 5)
2. After watching the video clip, Irrationality of Politics, does Michael Huemer make a convincing argument that politicians from both the left and the right have relied on spurious causal relations?
3. Visit the website Spurious Correlations and read through several of the recent examples. In your own words, describe how someone could identify a spurious correlation. Outside of class, have you encountered any poorly formed arguments that were most likely based on a spurious correlation? If so, what was it, and what gave it away as a bad argument?
4. How do you know when an argument is a deductive argument? Provide an example (not from in the book) of each of the following deductive arguments: modus ponens, modus tollens, hypothetical syllogism, disjunctive syllogism, and dilemma
Use the following format,
Select a type of argument (for example, modus tollens)
[premise 1] If A is true then B is true.
[premise 2] B is not true
[conclusion] Therefore, A is false
(create your own argument)
[premise 1] If the popcorn is popping then the pan is hot.
[premise 2] The pan is not hot.
[conclusion] Therefore, the popcorn is not popping.