The answers to the following questions are found in Chapter 2 on the pages from textbook, Micheline R. Ishay, The History of Human Rights; which are included
1. According to Micheline Ishay, Chapter Two “will illustrate why current human rights debates
can best be understood as an extension of __________________________________________ that date back to the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.” bottom 64-65
2. For example, “now as then, we find ourselves wondering…
A. whether the state (government) is the best mechanism with which to defend ____________
B. or is [government] a formidable __________________________________ against which one’s rights need to be defended.” P. 65
3. And, “As in the eighteenth century…
A. we are still questioning whether _____________________________________ are the best way to promote democratic institutions and global peace” P. 65
B. and under which conditions one may justly __________________________________.” P 65
4. “This chapter also alerts the reader to the sufferings of those [groups] who remained excluded
from initial Enlightenment conceptions of (purportedly) _____________________________.” P.65
5. In 1648 the Treaty of Westphalia established the right of states (nations) to select their own religion, Catholic or Protestant. “With his famous Letter Concerning Toleration (1690), the English philosopher John Locke (1632-1704) moved beyond the conservative concessions of
Westphalia, demanding the _______________________________ right to select a religion”? Pg 78
6. But the struggle for religious freedom continued. For example … P 78
A. in France what did King Henry IV pass in 1598?
B. what did it guarantee?
C. and then what did King Louis XIV do in 1658? P.78
7. In England, Parliament passed the Tolerant Act in 1689 which allowed some dissenters (Presbyterians, Methodists) to practice their religion, but how did it treat Catholics and Jews? P 78
8. Alarmed by these violations of religious freedom in France and England, John Locke called for what? P.78
10. Locke’s second sentence states, “The care of each man’s soul, and of the things of heaven … is left entirely to man’s self.”
*This quote refers to which natural right?