Rank the following deviant acts on a scale of 1 (least deviant) to 10 (most devi

Rank the following deviant acts on a scale of 1 (least deviant) to 10 (most deviant) and respond to the questions at the end.
_____ Stealing food from a grocery store to feed your family
_____ Illegally downloading a song to play as a DJ where you would get paid
_____ Killing a man who is found to be responsible for the death of your child
_____ A woman who sexually assaults a man at a party
_____ Using one’s status as CEO to control the flow of profits to your own bank account
_____ Buying a DVD copy of a bootleg theater film on the street
_____ Buying a PlayStation 5 and attempting to resell it for twice the original cost.
_____ Coming to this country without proper documentation
_____ Leaving a dog in a car on a hot day
_____ A doctor who influences patients to use a pharmaceutical for personal benefit
1. Which of these norm violators would be least likely to escape any stigma associated with knowledge of their deviant act? Why?
2. Which of these norm violators, if never caught, would be most likely to continue violating this norm, and transition from a label of primary to secondary deviant?
No minimum length but be sure to fully explain your answers to the two questions. You must respond to at least 2 classmates.
Labeling Theory was created in the 1960s by George Herbert Mead. Labeling theory is closely related to social-construction and symbolic-interaction analysis. It holds that deviance is not an inherent tendency of an individual, but instead focuses on the tendency of majorities to negatively label minorities or those seen as deviant from standard cultural norms. The theory is concerned with how the self-identity and the behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them. The theory was
prominent during the 1960s and 1970s, and some modified versions of the theory are still popular today.
Criminal Justice Research. [Labeling Photograph]. http://criminal-justice.iresearchnet.com/criminology/theories/labeling-theory-and-symbolic-interaction-theory/
George Herbert Mead hypothesized that the self is socially constructed and reconstructed through the interactions which each person has with the community.
The labeling theory suggests that people are given labels based on how others view their tendencies or behaviors. Each individual is aware of how they are judged by others
because he or she has adopted many different roles and functions in social interactions and has been able to gauge the reactions of those present.
Labeling theory concerns itself not with the normal roles that define our lives, but with those very special roles that society provides for deviant behavior, called deviant roles, stigmatic roles or social stigma. A social role is a set of expectations we have about a behavior. Social roles are necessary for the organization and functioning of any
society or group. We expect the postman, for example, to adhere to certain fixed rules about how he does his job.
Labeling theory hypothesizes that the labels applied to individuals influence their behavior, particularly that the application of negative or stigmatizing labels
promotes deviant behavior. They become a self-fulfilling prophecy: an individual who is labeled has little choice but to conform to the essential meaning of that judgment. Consequently, labeling theory assumes that it is possible to prevent social deviance via a limited social shaming reaction in “labelers” and replace moral indignation with tolerance.
There are two distinctions in labeling: hard labeling and soft labeling. People who believe in hard labeling
believe that mental illness does not exist. It is merely deviance from the norms of society that people attribute to mental illness. Thus, mental illnesses are socially
constructed illnesses and psychotic disorders do not exist. People who believe in soft labeling believe that mental illnesses do, in fact, exist. Unlike the supporters of hard
labeling, soft labeling supporters believe that mental illnesses are not socially constructed but are objective problems (LibreTexts, 2020).

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