When is it due: see the critical dates in the syllabus, or check the modules.

With this first Primary Source Essay, we will be grappling with the idea of American Imperialism, specifically Theodore Roosevelt’s views on the Monroe Doctrine. The idea of being involved in the world was not an idea that many people believed in during the latter half of the nineteenth century. But the goal of creating and maintaining an American Empire grew in popularity, and one of the biggest supporters was Theodore Roosevelt. Appointed as Assistant Secretary to the Navy in 1896, elected as Vice-President in 1900, and elevated by an assassin’s bullet to President in 1901, Roosevelt held very specific views about the US role in the world in general and the Monroe Doctrine in particular.
For this essay, you will be reading three documents relating to Roosevelt and the Monroe Doctrine; links to the documents are at the bottom of this page. First, we have a newspaper article from 1896, shortly before Roosevelt’s naval service began, where he mentions his views on America’s role in the world and the Doctrine. Second, we have another newspaper article, this one from 1897, that reports on an address by Roosevelt during his time as assistant naval secretary, addressing his views on the navy and US foreign relations. Third, we have a portion of Roosevelt’s fourth message to Congress (written, not given as a “State of the Union” speech, at the time) that describes US foreign policy ideals and his take on the Monroe Doctrine that became known as the Roosevelt Corollary on the Monroe Doctrine (I edited this down to a manageable chunk).
After reading these three documents, you need to compose an essay that answers the following question: What was the most important reason Roosevelt supported the Monroe Doctrine? A good essay will explain why this one reason qualifies as the most important reason using information from the sources. Answering these questions should take up most of the essay; you need to use supporting information from all three sources to prove your answer/thesis. As part of the conclusion, a good essay will also evaluate whether or not his views and methods concerning how the United States should relate to the world, specifically to the Western Hemisphere, are appropriate for today, and why; this portion of the essay, which should be no more than a couple of sentences, should not use informal language, or first and/or second person.
What to use: Only these three documents; you can’t use any other sources.
What to submit: A two-page essay formatted as required in the formatting, quotation, and citation information below, and following the General Writing Requirements. Although short, it should, as much as possible, follow the description of an analytical essay as described on the page How to Write an Analytical Paper. You can find an example of how the formatting should look (but not a model for your paper) here: Formatting Example.
How it will be graded: The Paper/Exam Grading Rubric.
How many points for the assignment: 100 points
When is it due: See the Critical Dates in the Syllabus, or check the modules.
The Primary Sources: No outside sources [NONE, don’t want them]; only use the sources linked below
Formatting Requirements:
SUBMIT THE ASSIGNMENT IN PDF FORMAT ONLY! If I can’t open the paper, then the grade will be a zero. Avoid this problem by saving your final draft in PDF format and uploading that version of the paper.
-Margins: use one inch margins on all sides. (I can tell if you don’t, and if I’m unsure, I’ll check with a ruler); do not assume that the word processor you are using automatically uses this setting; many do not. Check your word processor program to make sure that the page setup is at one inch for all four sides.
-Alignment on the page: use the align left setting; avoid the justified setting.
-Spacing: use double spacing, and keep it even throughout the paper. (I can tell if you don’t.) Be sure to change the paragraph settings to “double space” and not “multiple.” Watch out for extra spacing automatically added at the end of a paragraph; you don’t want that, so you might need to change the “After” value to zero in the paragraph settings.
-Title Page: DON’T USE ONE!
-Font: Use Arial 12 point for the body and page numbers; use Arial 8 point for the header content
-Place your name and the date in the upper right hand corner of the paper, in the header, not in the text area. Right justify this information, and shrink the font size to 8.
-Place page numbers in the footer, and center them.
-Use a one line title at the top of the first page that explains your paper; don’t use “My Paper,” “The Paper,” “The [Insert Author name] Paper,” or anything boring like that. Make the title interesting to the reader without being silly or profane.
– No Works Cited or Bibliography page! No Separate Title page! If any of these are present, the paper grade will drop a letter grade for each one.
-Quotations: YOU MUST USE QUOTATIONS!!! If you do not use quotations in the assignment, your grade will be significantly reduced.
-Citations: YOU MUST USE CITATIONS!!! If you do not use citations, then you are plagiarizing and your grade will be significantly reduced.
When you cite the sources, use (Source 1), (Source 2), and/or (Source 3) for your citations; any other type of citation or citation content will result in a lower grade.
Here are three examples of how I want your citations for the quotations to look:
McPherson argued that “…men fought in the mud.” (Source 1)
“Many Unions soldiers echoed Lincoln’s words.” (Source 2)
In attempting to explain why soldiers fought, McPherson argued, “Duty and honor were indeed powerful motivating forces.” (Source 3)

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